Showing posts with label upgrading. Show all posts
Showing posts with label upgrading. Show all posts

May 15, 2016

Remove Windows Nagging To Upgrade To Windows 10

Remove Windows Nag Icon To Upgrade To Windows 10 

Microsoft has pushed out a nag tray icon, that never goes away and you cant close it, trying to get people to upgrade to Windows 10.

While it is fine to offer something like that, the point that you cant get rid of it or close it, is what the problem is and shows how desperate Microsoft is to get their piece of the App Store pie that Apple and Google enjoy.

Option 1: One way to get rid of this nag ware is to remove the update that installed it. You must uninstall KB3035583.

"To do this, launch Control Panel, click on Programs > Programs and Features, and in the left side of the screen hit the “View installed updates” section.

Look for KB3035583 in the list, right-click it and hit the remove option. If you don’t want to be bothered again in the future, just hide it and no other notifications will be displayed because the update won’t be installed again on your PC."

Option 2. There have even been others who have found it goes even deeper than that.

"After you uninstall KB3021917, KB3035583 and KB3022345, you also need to disable two tasks in Task Scheduler.

There are two tasks under TaskScheduler > Task Scheduler Library > Microsoft > Windows > Application Experience, "Microsoft Compatibility Appraiser" and "ProgramDataUpdater", that will continue to contact telemetry servers even if telemetry is disabled. These tasks run and phone home even if CEIP is opted-out of. Reproduce (on Win7 Pro)"

Option 3. Simple .bat file script

But if you are a tech and have a lot of computers you now need to remove this from, then going to each machine and removing it, rebooting, then hiding it from the updates is going to be a pain, even if you write a script for it.

To avoid a reboot you can simply stop the exe that is running the tray icon, rename it the folder and be done. I have made a bat file to do this for you, just make sure to run it as administrator of course.

You can download the bat file in a zip here: - Direct Download

Here is the bat file script

(Updated 12-21-2015 There is now registry keys you can set to finally stop it)

(Updated 08-12-2015 the switch /skipsl switch as it doesnt work on Windows 7)

(Updated 08-10-2015, added removing of the scheduled tasks that are installed with it as well.)

(Updated 06-08-2015, the ren command on Windows 8.1 is blocked from renaming the GWX folder, either on purpose from MS or by error, the ren won't work, the script has been updated to work around that)

REG ADD "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Gwx" /v DisableGWX /d 1 /f
REG ADD "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate" /v DisableOSUpgrade /d 1 /f
REG ADD "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\OSUpgrade" /v AllowOSUpgrade /d 0 /f
REG ADD "HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\OSUpgrade" /v ReservationsAllowed /d 0 /f

start /wait wusa /uninstall /kb:3035583 /quiet /norestart /log
start /wait wusa /uninstall /kb:3035583 /quiet /norestart /log

Yes you see the uninstall in there twice, for some reason it wont uninstall the first time it is ran.

You can then put this in a startup script for all your users, or if you are a normal user and just want an easier way to get rid of the nag, then this should do the trick for now. Until MS changes it of course :-)

February 25, 2016

Microsoft Outlook: The Difference Between .OST and .PST files

Microsoft Outlook: The Difference Between 
.OST and .PST files (Office 2010)

About Outlook Data Files (.pst and .ost)

There are two types of Outlook Data Files used by Outlook. An Outlook Data File (.pst) is used for most accounts. If you are using a Microsoft Exchange account, your items are usually delivered to and saved on the mail server. To allow you to work with your messages even when you can’t connect to the mail server, a second type of data file that is named an offline Outlook Data File (.ost) is kept on your computer.

The primary differences between the two types of Outlook data files are as follows:

1, Outlook Data Files (.pst) are used for POP3, IMAP, and web-based mail accounts. When you want to create archives or back up your Outlook folders and items on your computer, such as Exchange accounts, you must create and use additional .pst files.

2. Outlook Data Files (.ost) are used when you have an Exchange account and want to work offline or use or use the default Cached Exchange Mode. This type of data file is also used for accounts that you set up with the Outlook Connector for (formerly Hotmail). Outlook Data Files (.ost) are always copies of items that are saved on a mail server and don’t have to be backed up like Outlook Data Files (.pst)

Outlook Data File (.pst files)

A Personal Folders file (.pst) is an Outlook data file that stores your messages and other items on your computer. This is the most common file in which information in Outlook is saved by home users or in small organizations. Home users usually use an Internet service provider (ISP) to connect to the Internet. The ISP also provides one or more email accounts. The most common types of accounts are referred to by their Internet protocol names — POP3 and IMAP. Another type of account is an HTTP or web-based account that works similar to IMAP email accounts. All three account types use a .pst file.

Your items can also be moved or archived to an Outlook Data File (.pst). Because a .pst file is kept on your computer, it is not subject to mailbox size limits on the mail server. By moving items to a .pst file on your computer, you can free up storage space in the mailbox on your mail server. Outlook can be configured to deliver new items to a .pst file, but if you do this, it has several disadvantages. This includes being unable to work with your items when you are using Microsoft Outlook Web Access with the Exchange Server email account or when you are working on another computer.

WARNING: Do not access an Outlook Data File (.pst) from a network share or another computer, mainly because it increases the possibility of data loss.

TIP   You should regularly back up your Outlook Data Files (.pst) and save them in a safe place. Your ISP or Microsoft can’t recover your e-mail or other items if the file is lost.

Offline Outlook Data File (.ost files)

Typically, when you use a Microsoft Exchange Server account, your email messages, calendar, and other items are delivered to and saved on the server. You can configure Outlook to keep a local copy of your items on your computer in an Outlook data file that is named an offline Outlook Data File (.ost). This allows you to use Cached Exchange Mode or to work offline when a connection to the Exchange computer may not be possible or wanted. 

IMPORTANT: The .ost file is synchronized with the Exchange computer when a connection is available.

Offline folders are replicas of the folders found in your mailbox on the computer that is running Microsoft Exchange. They make it possible to take a folder from a server location, work with the contents of the folder when you are not connected to the network, and then, when you are connected again, update the folder and its corresponding server folder to make the contents of both folders identical. This process is known as synchronizing folders.

You can add, delete, and change the contents of an offline folder exactly as you can for a folder on a server. For example, you can change and move items between folders, send messages that are included in your offline Outbox, and view the contents of your offline public folders. Meanwhile, new messages are kept in your Inbox on the server, and other people might add, delete, and change items in public folders. You’ll not be aware of these changes on the server until you synchronize.

The information that is synchronized includes the following:

Headers: For email items only, a header is a descriptive identifier that provides the sender's name, the subject line of the message, the time when the message was received, and the size of the message.

Full items: A full item includes the header, the body of the message, and any attachments, such as embedded objects or pictures.

When you work offline, folders that are synchronized are determined by Send/Receive groups. By using Send/Receive groups, you can choose which folders are synchronized and kept current so that when a connection to the server is not possible or you choose to work offline, you can continue to work with those items. You can also specify that updates to the Address Book be downloaded during synchronization.
If you use an Exchange Server email account, we recommend that you use Cached Exchange Mode. 

Most of the reasons to work offline are eliminated when you use Cached Exchange Mode. The lack of a network connection is almost transparent to you because you can continue to work with your items whether you are connected to the computer that is running Exchange.

By default, Cached Exchange Mode creates and uses an Offline Folder file (.ost) and then downloads and maintains a synchronized copy of the items in all folders in your mailbox. You work with the information on your computer, and Outlook synchronizes the information with the server. When your connection to the Exchange computer is interrupted, you can continue to work with your data. When a connection is restored, changes are automatically synchronized, and the folders and items on the server and on your computer are identical again.

With Cached Exchange Mode, you do not have to set up Send/Receive groups, choose folders that you want to be available offline, and then keep those folders synchronized.

File locations: You can save, copy, and move a data file (other than the file that is used as your default delivery location) to another location on your computer or to a share on the network. However, you must have folder read/write permissions to open an Outlook Data File (.pst).

Outlook Data Files (.pst)

NOTE   Microsoft Exchange Server accounts save your information on the mail server. To use Cached Exchange Mode or to work offline, copies of your items are saved in an offline Outlook Data File (.ost). See the Outlook Data Files (.ost) section for more information. Also, some organizations allow you to export or archive your items to a .pst file.
The fastest way to open the folder where your Outlook Data File (.pst and .ost) is saved is to do the following:

  1. In Outlook 2010, click the File tab.
  2. Click Account Settings, and then click Account Settings.
  3. On the Data Files tab, click an entry, and then click Open Folder Location.

Outlook Data Files (.pst) created by using Outlook 2010 are saved by default on your computer in the Documents\Outlook Files folder. 

If you are running Windows XP, these files are created in the My Documents\Outlook Files folder.

If you upgraded to Outlook 2010 on a computer that already had data files that were created in earlier versions of Outlook, these files are saved in a different location in a hidden folder:

Windows 7 and Windows Vista     

Windows XP     drive:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook


Outlook Data Files (.ost)
The .ost file is synchronized with the items on the server that runs Exchange. Because your data remains on the Exchange server, you can re-create this .ost file on your new computer without having to back up the .ost file.

Windows 8 and Windows 10
The good news: In all likelihood, the data files aren't really missing. When Windows 8 or 10 upgrades your computer, it creates a folder called "windows.old" and it contains all of the files used by the previous Windows installation, including your user account files.
To recover your data files (and other personal files) open Windows Explorer and go toC:Windows.old\Users\username\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Outlook Your old data files should be there, or in the Outlook Files folder in My Documents (the old My Documents!).
Because the folders under the AppData folder are usually marked Hidden, you may need to configure Windows Explorer to display hidden files and folders or remove the read only (and Hidden) flag from the properties of the AppData folder and apply it to all child folders.
To show Hidden files and folders in Windows 8, switch to the View tab in Windows Explorer. The option is on the right.

To remove the Read only and Hidden flag:
  1. Right-click on the folder and choose Properties.
  2. Clear the boxes and click Apply.
  3. Choose Apply changes to folder, subfolders and files then click OK.
Windows 7 and Windows Vista     

Windows XP     
drive:\Documents and Settings\user\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook .